Scanomed - Nukleráis medicina központok

Liver metastases

We talk about liver metastases if cancer cells from a tumor in another part of the body break loose and via the bloodstream they travel to the liver and give metastasis there. Most frequently liver metastases derive from breast cancer or gastrointestinal tumors (gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer, appendicular cancer, rectal cancer etc.), but renal cancer, lung cancer and several other malignant diseases may form liver metastases.

In clinical practice liver metastases of colon and rectal cancers are of the outmost importance. During the diagnostic procedure of intestinal cancers in one fourth of the cases liver metastasis can be verified too: a liver metastasis can be discovered either with imaging techniques or during a bowel surgery. In case of every fifth-tenth patient the liver metastasis can be removed and this can improve the survival rate of patients. Before the planned surgery the patient may get chemotherapy (neo-adjuvant cytostatic treatment) in order to improve the operability. Removal of the metastases can be performed in one or two steps.

If the surgical removal of the liver metastases is not possible, the basic disease can be treated with chemotherapy and ablative techniques, detailed at the primary liver tumor, can help to balance the disease.

Liver metastases of other tumors are also easily detectable with static liver scintigraphy.
For detection of liver metastasis of FDG accumulating primary tumors we recommend an FDG PET-CT examination.



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