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Rheumatoid arthritis

It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints. The synovial membrane becomes thicker which interferes with normal functioning. The joint and the surrounding structures are damaged gradually. We distinguish a type that develops at younger age (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis).

The exact cause is unknown, but among others the role of congenital factors is also assumed. Our body regards its own connective tissue structures as foreign and defends itself with an inflammatory process. The disease develops in about 1% of the population and it is 2-3 times more common among women than men.


Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

In the beginning of the disease malaise, fever and weight loss occur. The inflammatory symptoms of joints may develop suddenly or gradually. First the inflammatory thickening of the synovial membrane can be observed, then the accumulation of synovial fluid occurs and these prohibit normal joint movement. Besides these tendosynovitis may develop, rheumatoid nodules may form under the skin and bone alterations may occur. With the advance of the disease painful joint stiffness develops deriving from connective tissues or bones with the distortion of the affected joint.

Diagnosis is set up by the physician based on the characteristic symptoms. The presence of 4 out of the following symptoms is necessary: morning stiffness of joints that lasts for more than an hour, joints of at least 3 regions are affected, small joints are affected, the same region of joints are affected on both sides, rheumatoid nodules under the skin are visible, detectable rheumatoid factor in the blood and visible changes on the X-ray.


For long lasting alleviation of symptoms isotope therapy of joints can be used in certain cases.



Isotope therapy of joints